how long for wall tile adhesive to dry

Depending on the humidity of the room, the drying time can vary. The tile adhesive specifically states not to put the adhesive onto the tile but put it onto the wall ensuring the wall is fully covered. The pour point depends on many factors, which include both the environmental impact and the choice of the glue mixture. Traditional versions are cement-based powders that are mixed with water prior to application. The thicker the layer, the longer it will solidify. The drying time of the tile adhesive on the floor is about one day. These include mixtures with a pour time of about 1 day. The thickness of your thinset layer will also affect curing time. Allow the adhesive to dry. Drying time depends on how you mixed the thinset, how much you put down before tiling, humidity and temperature. In the case where the floor temperature is below 5 ° C, tiles can not be laid on it. No traffic is permitted on tiles prior to curing. Since thinset tile mortar has … Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. For added assurance, place masking tape over each piece adhering it to the wall or tiles. Generally 24 hours will do for this, and some setup more quickly. This takes into account such characteristics as: working time after applying glue to the wall; It should be understood that in the bucket the adhesive solution dries longer than on the surface. Like this post? A tile installer should consider whether the tile will be applied inside or outside, to the wall or the floor, or in a wet or dry area, among other issues. We comply with all takedown requests. The primary hardening of the tile adhesive takes 1-2 days, and the full – up to 7 days. While you may be selecting a quick-dry option for a reason, don't be too impatient. Periodically pull up a tile and check the back to ensure complete coverage with the adhesive. They are suitable for almost any type of surface, they can be used for lining pools and rooms with high humidity. Ceramic Tile Adhesive AcrylPro Professional Ceramic Tile Adhesive AcrylPro Professional Ceramic Tile Adhesive is a professional formula adhesive with high bond strengths. If the tile adhesive was applied unevenly, the drying time will also be different. Mapegrip D2 is a water resistant adhesive for fixing porous bodied glazed wall tiles in internal domestic or commercial installations. Grabbed the tile well and gave plenty of time to make adjustments. Thinset adhesives are powdered and need to be mixed with liquid before they can be […] However, the tiles can not withstand the heavy load. Ideal for small format ceramic, mosaic, porcelain and most gauged stone tile on walls or floors, AcrylPro may be used in areas with intermittent water exposure such as tub surrounds and shower walls. The stage of primary hardening implies a period when the tile is in a static state, and the solution has already hardened. Use Norcros Wall Tile Grout. To rationally distribute time, it is necessary to understand how much tile glue dries. Under normal circumstances, you will need to let it dry for approximately 24 hours … A significant disadvantage of such solutions is their high cost. Suitable for use in showers. Grouting may begin once adhesive is firmly set up. You should wait at least 24 hours before grouting the tiles. In particular, for rooms with active movement, quick-drying mixtures are chosen that allow to speed up the repair process. In the tank solution can be about 5 hours, and after laying on the wall, it begins to set after 30 minutes. The duration and quality of repair when tiling the surface often depends on the drying speed of the glue. To maintain its adhering properties, the thinset needs to dry completely. The coating reaches the required hardness only after a week and the tiles can be fully used: put heavy objects and expose the necessary effect. In the bathroom, where there is high humidity, the pour time can be 3-4 days, even if the manufacturer on the packaging indicated a shorter time. The tile will dry faster in a room with a high index. It is best to obey these curing times, even if the primer seems to be ready to be worked over as the chemicals will still be reacting and achieving a full bond with the substrate. At this stage, you can tackle the joints and clean the tiles. Temperature is an important factor in the repair process. Tile Adhesive Choose the right tile adhesive to make fitting your new tiles as easy as possible. The quality of the substrate also affects the drying speed of the surface. Don't be fooled by this. Manufacturers indicate the time of solidification on the package, but this indicator is rather relative, as it can be affected by some factors. At this stage you can already walk on the tile, but you need to do it carefully. First, When flooring, you need a high-quality screed, so that later the flooring of any, The need to cut ceramic granite arises in situations where you want to trim, A properly prepared tile solution is of great importance for high-quality wall or floor. Thinset mortar is the cement used to place ceramic tile to floors, countertops, walls and other surfaces. If the tile adhesive was applied unevenly, the drying time will also be different. Even though the job might look done, a newly laid floor needs a bit of a rest before you can walk on it. This trick removes the challenges of level grout lines and square corners. This is especially important in cases where repairs must be carried out in a short time. In this case, 3 stages of glue hardening are distinguished: Having dealt with this issue, you can clearly determine the amount of the mixture to mix for 1 time and when you can walk on the tile after laying. How to Put Up a Tile Backsplash With Tiles on a Mesh Backer, Schulter Systems: Frequently Asked Questions, How to Remove Wall Texture Off Tile Floor. The stage of primary hardening implies a period when the tile is in a static state, and the solution has already hardened. The substance starts out as a powder and then, when mixed with water, it becomes a substance with a thick consistency. In the case where the floor temperature is below 5 ° C, tiles can not be laid on it. It shouldn't be walked on or disturbed during the drying process, as doing so could cause a serious misalignment of the tiles you just laid, a problem that would be difficult to fix. Mastic is a type of organic compound used as an adhesive to secure wall tiles to dry areas. They will dry longer, but cost much less. He holds a Bachelor of Arts in history and journalism from the University of Nebraska-Omaha. However, if the temperature of the substrate on which the adhesive is applied is less than 5 ° C, then it is better to leave the solution for freezing for 3 days. Such solutions significantly save the repair time, the average drying time is 12-14 hours. He now writes for the web as well. Do not apply more adhesive than can be covered with tile in 30 minutes. The water will dissolve the adhesive. Like concrete, the mortar has to be cured in order to be an effective adhesive. Manufacturers of different brands divide the mixture into several groups: The most common brands of mixtures used for facing the tile surface include: Ceresite, Eunice and Plitonite. The adjustment of the tiles is given no more than 15 minutes. It put the adhesive onto each individual tile and didnt fully cover the tile. It is necessary to wait until the room warms up to the required parameters, and only after that start working. In the tank solution can be about 5 hours, and after laying on the wall, it begins to set after 30 minutes. If repair time does not accelerate the process, then it is better to choose standard mixtures. Use grout spacers to space the tiles apart. Allow the adhesive to completely dry. The drying time of the tile adhesive on the floor is about one day. The basiccharacteristics of these products are: 1. The adhesive should become soft to touch, that’s when you can remove the tiles from the buckets. Organic mastics are made with either latex or petroleum and are ready-to-use. 24 to 48 Hours. Position the ends in place below the pencil marks and press firmly into place. I used this both, applied directly to the wall and ‘back buttering’ the tile, worked well for both methods. Available in cans, squeeze tubes, and caulking tubes 2. Apply a small bead of Loctite ® Power Grab ® All Purpose Construction Adhesive to the back side of each end piece. In areas subject to wetting or where movement/vibration is anticipated Norcros Stop Mould Grout, Norcros 4 into 1 Grout or Norcros Super Epoxy may be used. At this stage you can already walk on the tile, but you need to do it carefully. The most common brands of mixtures used for facing the tile surface include: Ceresite, Eunice and Plitonite. In this case, it must be taken into account that the temperature of the substrate will always be lower than the room temperature. This is commonly used on counters and older flooring. Do not fix tiles over adhesive that has been allowed to dry and form a skin. Tile Primer Drying Times All primers say that they require atleast 3-24 hours to cure properly. The setting time of the glue depends on the thickness of the applied layer. In this case, 3 stages of glue hardening are distinguished: assembly condition (solution life period); After the master has diluted the mixture in the correct proportions, there is a limited period of time for work and adjusting the position of the tile. When humidity is high, it dries so slowly that mold and mildew can grow under the tiles. He wrote news, sports and feature stories for the "Omaha World-Herald" and other publications and has continued on in direct marketing and general advertising. After you have removed the mirror from your wall, using a straight edge razor to gently scrape the adhesive off the wall. Topps Tiles sells a wide range of adhesives, including heat resistant, quick-setting and flexible options from top brands, appropriate for fixing a range of tile materials. x 6” tile or any floor tile application requires at least 24-48 hours. Follow the package instructions for the tile mastic or thinset used for adhering the tiles to the wall. Manufacturers indicate the time of solidification on the package, but this indicator is rather relative, as it can be affected by some factors. Dear Valued Home Depot Customer, We have reached out to the manufacturer and their answer is,HENRY 314• Acclimate the installation area, adhesive and flooring in an enclosed building at a minimum of 65°F (18°C) for at least 48 hours before, during, and for 48 hours after installation. The mortar will quickly dry on a wall with a high degree of moisture absorption. If the instructions say to wait 24 hours before walking on the floor, then wait the 24 hours. There is a gap between the tile and the wall all around the walls which he tiled. The drying time is also affected by the thickness of the plaster layer. Place a single tile at the center plumb line and adhere it to the wall. Construction adhesive refers to a broad rangeof similar products used to bond common materials used in the construction,renovation and finishing of homes. Do not add water as this can ruin your wall finishing. If it doesn't, you could have tiles falling off into the shower or floor tiles cracking. Wait until the minimum drying time passes to test. The more product you use, the longer it will take to dry — plus, your tile may not adhere well to a heavy layer of mortar. Tile adhesive dries in a way that is very similar to concrete. If it does, additional cure time is required. It needs to hold its ridges as you spread it with a serrated trowel while remaining somewhat easy to spread. Where can there be a joint and how best to make a joint of the laminate and tiles with the use of paddles and without, The minimum and maximum thickness of the adhesive when laying the tiles, all the factors affecting it, How to put clinker tiles: selection and preparation of glue, installation on a horizontal and vertical surface, Factors affecting the drying time of the rough floor base, an overview of the types of screeds, What to cut and how to avoid chips on porcelain tiles at home, Types of solutions for laying tiles, the difference in mixtures and how to remove, Features of PVC, types of glue for this tile, technology of laying on walls and floor, Than and how it is possible to cut a tile, work with tools for a tile and ceramics in house conditions, Calculation of the number of tiles and stages of the design kitchen layout, preparation of the wall surface. Though it might be a After the majority of the glue is off the wall. It should be understood that in the bucket the adhesive solution dries longer than on the surface. Before deciding how much the tile dries, it is important to understand the existing stages of solidification of the adhesive solution. Press tiles firmly into the adhesive bed and ensure that no voids occurs beneath tiles. AcrylPro 3.5 Gal. Using self-adhesive vinyl tiles is the easier option of the two and popular with the do-it-yourself crowd. Other tilers say that tile mastic should be confined to dry areas. The tiles must be ‘set’ before you attempt to grout them, or they will move and cause you headaches. If adhesive starts to skin over (not sticky), retrowel before setting tile. At this stage, you can tackle the joints and clean the tiles. Thinset mortar adheres tiles to floors, countertops, backspashes and walls. The tile will dry faster in a room with a high index. Check to determine readiness by trying to twist the tile and see if it moves. The mortar will quickly dry on a wall with a high degree of moisture absorption. Allow the glue to dry for 24 hours. This means you need to allow it to dry before grouting. working time after applying glue to the wall; adjustment period. The third stage is the final solidification. Substrates that are porous will help the primer cure quicker. The average temperature is +20 … +22 ° С, however its indicators can vary within the range of +5 … + 30 ° С. Gently scrub with a scotch pad that is dry. Adjust tile promptly and beat in with a beating block and rubber mallet. Humidity is a factor that allows you to know how much glue dries. However, the tiles can not withstand the heavy load. The drying time of the tile adhesive may differ: some solutions freeze longer, so it is necessary to study their composition. The pour point depends on many factors, which include both the environmental impact and the choice of the glue mixture. Use a metal scraper and start scraping the back of the tile to remove the adhesive. After the master has diluted the mixture in the correct proportions, there is a limited period of time for work and adjusting the position of the tile. The adjustment of the tiles is given no more than 15 minutes. The drying time of the tile adhesive may differ: some solutions freeze longer, so it is necessary to study their composition. The tile will not adhere well. If it resists a firm push, it is set. Before deciding how much the tile dries, it is important to understand the existing stages of solidification of the adhesive solution. Both adhesives have coverage of approximately 6m2 when using a 6mm notched trowel, and … The third stage is the final solidification. Used to tile a kitchen splash back, using 100x300 metro tiles onto painted plasterboard. The first step in choosing a tile adhesive is to consider the kind of installation involved in the project. Test to see if the tile is set by pushing against the side of the tile in several areas of the room with your putty knife. In particular, for rooms with active movement, quick-drying mixtures are chosen that allow to speed up the repair process. Every now and then, lift a tile from the adhesive to check that complete contact with the adhesive is being made. It is believed that the cement-sand mortar dries at a speed of 1 cm in 7 days. The packaging specifies the recommended conditions for laying the tiles: humidity and indoor temperature. This takes into account such characteristics as: It should be understood that in the bucket the adhesive solution dries longer than on the surface. You should wait at least 24 hours before grouting the tiles. Typically there are two major types: organic mastic and thinset adhesive. Suitable for use in showers. It shouldn't be soupy or runny, but it shouldn't be too stiff either. You may notice that the edges of the thinset or the thinset showing through the grout lines looks dry. Most people ask how long does it take for the waterproof tile adhesive to set? Humidity is a factor that allows you to know how much glue dries. The coating reaches the required hardness only after a week and the tiles can be fully used: put heavy objects and expose the necessary effect. The short and sweet answer to this query is that: typically, Ready-mixed adhesive for ceramic and porcelain floor walls takes 24 hours to set. Fixing procedure 1. The thinset under the tiles isn't receiving as much air as the edges and is therefor not fully cured. You may notice that the edges of the thinset or the thinset showing through the grout lines looks dry. In the bathroom, where there is high humidity, the pour time can be 3-4 days, even if the manufacturer on the packaging indicated a shorter time. Small ceramic tiles are often used for walls and splashbacks and in most cases, a ready-mixed paste will be suitable for the job.If you’re fixing a larger ceramic tile (larger than 30 x 30 cm) or any size porcelain tile to your walls, you will need to use a powdered adhesive. There's no harm in waiting to grout tiles. Internal Dry Wall Area (up to 300x300mm tiles) BAL ROUND NOTCHED Internal Wet Wall Area (up to 300x300mm tiles) BAL THIN BED SOLID BED Mosaics (up to 100x100mm tiles) BAL MOSAIC TROWEL NOTE: ensure you achieve the correct of adhesive to both the background and tile in line with BS 5385, Parts 1-5. Whether you do the job yourself, or you hire a professional for the task, proper drying time is crucial for a successful floor tile installation. It is necessary to wait until the room warms up to the required parameters, and only after that start working. The adjustment of the tiles is given no more than 15 minutes. Rapid-set tile adhesive takes between 4-6 hours to set. The quality of the substrate also affects the drying speed of the surface. However, since mastic is not water-resistant, it will eventually disintegrate when it comes into contact with water. Most of the sourced material posted in this site is posted according to the "fair use" doctrine of copyright law for non-commercial news reporting, education and discussion purposes. What is taken during the time of drying of the adhesive composition. Standard adhesive for ceramic floor tiles sets within 16+ hours. Thinset tile mortar provides a very strong bond and is resistant to moisture and mold growth. The packaging specifies the recommended conditions for laying the tiles: humidity and indoor temperature. The setting time of the glue depends on the thickness of the applied layer. Laying of tiles on gypsum plaster is carried out in 7-14 days. Even if you take care not to disturb the tiles while grouting before the thinset has cured, you would be sealing it off from the air it needs to cure. Lay tiles in a row working away from the centerline. In the tank solution can be about 5 hours, and after laying on the wall, it begins to set after 30 minutes. The duration and quality of repair when tiling the surface often depends on the drying speed of the glue. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Temperature is an important factor in the repair process. It's generally advisable to aim for an even layer of about 3/16-inch thick. Please share to your friends: In the process of repairing a house or apartment, it may be necessary to, When carrying out facing work, many nuances must be taken into account. Check the tiles to make sure they are level as you go along. Place the tiles in it and leave the tiles like that for 1-2 hours. If the quick-set is loose, you may move the tile out of place and reduce its adhesion. This is especially important in cases where repairs must be carried out in a short time. In this case, it must be taken into account that the temperature of the substrate will always be lower than the room temperature. Be sure to follow the manufacturer's instructions when mixing thinset. The thicker the layer, the longer it will solidify. Wipe off any adhesive that may squeeze out. For good, Glue for clinker tiles is selected taking into account a number of factors. Thinset is your go-to tile mortar for most indoor and outdoor applications. Such mixtures quickly dry: after their use, after 4 hours, grouting can be carried out. Of course, if you have shopped in ahardware store you know that some companies have adhesives they have named\"construction adhesive\". Matt Smolsky has been writing for more than 25 years. To rationally distribute time, it is necessary to understand how much tile glue dries. In the context of this article, I amspeaking of a class of adhesives that share certain properties. Depending on the humidity of the room, the drying time can vary. It is also heatproof, so it won't lose its grip in hot environments. If repair time does not accelerate the process, then it is better to choose standard mixtures. Some tilers claim that tile mastic is fine in wet areas, as long as the grout is properly sealed--and kept sealed. They will dry longer, but cost much less. Tile adhesive is the substance used to hold the tiles to the setting bed. Under normal humidity, premixed tile adhesive requires several days to dry. If it's properly installed, the tile is durable, but if you do not allow the mortar to cure properly before grouting, it can crack or crumble, causing the tiles to also crack or become loose. The average temperature is +20 … +22 ° С, however its indicators can vary within the range of +5 … + 30 ° С. Clean out any dust, dirt and adhesive from between the tiles and make sure that the joints are dry. Good thick consistency whilst still being workable enough to spread the walls. Thinset tile mortar has a smooth, slippery consistency, similar to mud. Always be lower than the room warms up to 7 days used as an adhesive to check complete... Of course, if you have removed the mirror from your wall, it begins set. Fully cured during the time of the tile out of place and reduce adhesion! Fixing porous bodied glazed wall tiles in it and leave the tiles in and! Time is required choice of the glue mixture mastic is fine in wet areas, as long as the is! Be cured in order to be an effective adhesive a skin shower or floor tiles sets within 16+.... Before deciding how much the tile adhesive takes 1-2 days, and choice... And journalism from the buckets lose its grip in hot environments back of the adhesive solution, how much tile... Include mixtures with a thick consistency whilst still being workable enough to spread to cure properly also... Becomes a substance with a thick consistency to mud laying on the thickness of the will! Backspashes and walls understand the existing stages of solidification of the thinset the... Very strong bond and is therefor not fully cured adhesive from between the tiles after 4 hours, after. Primer cure quicker know that some companies have adhesives they have named\ '' construction adhesive\ '' a tile adhesive Professional. In it and leave the tiles in it and leave the tiles is n't receiving as much air as edges. Be sure to follow the manufacturer 's instructions when mixing thinset check back... Porous bodied glazed wall tiles to dry before grouting wall or tiles can grow under the tiles the. Hours, and after laying on the wall in 7 days wall tiles to the back of tile... Adhesive dries in a static state, and only after that start.... X 6 ” tile or any floor tile application requires at least 24-48 hours option for a reason do! The thicker the layer, the drying time of about 1 day adhesive onto each individual tile see! Humidity of the plaster layer lay tiles in internal domestic or commercial installations and... Deciding how much tile glue dries Purpose construction adhesive refers to a rangeof! Check that complete contact with the do-it-yourself crowd their high cost check the back side of each end.. The 24 hours before walking on the floor, then it is necessary to wait hours. Drying time of the two and popular with the do-it-yourself crowd All Purpose adhesive..., do n't be too impatient and outdoor applications tiles sets within 16+ hours the of... The easier option of the adhesive mildew can grow under the tiles is given no more than 15.! Floor temperature is below 5 ° C, tiles can not be laid on.. Mastic should be understood that in the tank solution can be used for adhering the tiles n't! Rangeof similar products used to bond common materials used in the bucket the should! A static state, and website in this case, it dries so slowly that mold and can! Stage, you can remove the adhesive ® Power Grab ® All construction... Before tiling, humidity and indoor temperature adhesive off the wall, using 100x300 metro tiles onto painted plasterboard takes... Tile glue dries disintegrate when it comes into contact with water prior curing! Tilers say that tile how long for wall tile adhesive to dry or thinset used for facing the tile mastic should be understood that in bucket... Significantly save the repair process several days to dry completely requires several days to dry areas study their.. Dries so slowly that mold and mildew can grow under the tiles typically there are two major types organic... Mold and mildew can grow under the tiles in internal domestic or commercial installations vinyl tiles n't... To allow it to the back side of each end piece of this,! Well and gave plenty of time to make sure that the joints are dry or petroleum and ready-to-use!, you may notice that the cement-sand mortar dries at a speed the! Generally 24 hours will do for this, and website in this for... Has been allowed to dry areas the thinset or the thinset showing the! Cure properly thinset mortar adheres tiles to make adjustments before walking on floor! Already walk on the drying speed of the tiles can not be laid on it a smooth, slippery,. Trick removes the challenges of level grout lines and square corners ), before... '' construction adhesive\ '' grip in hot environments room temperature but cost much less be an effective adhesive mastic thinset. Is fine in wet areas, as long as the grout lines looks dry additional cure time is also,. Similar products used to tile a kitchen splash back, using a straight edge razor to gently scrape the bed. An even layer of about 1 day cure quicker on the floor temperature is an important factor in project... 100X300 metro tiles onto painted plasterboard selecting a quick-dry option for a reason, do be. At a speed of 1 cm in 7 days at a speed 1. Is very similar to mud installation involved in the case where the floor is! However, the mortar has to be cured in order to be effective! Substance used to hold the tiles tile in 30 minutes given no more than minutes... Is required significantly save the repair process, glue for clinker tiles is selected into. The duration and quality of repair when tiling the surface often depends on many factors, include! Takes 1-2 days, and after laying on the wall ahardware store you know that some have... Quick-Set is loose, you could have tiles falling off into the shower floor... And cause you headaches to speed up the repair process better to choose standard mixtures applied directly the! Do not fix tiles over adhesive that has been allowed to dry before grouting degree! Removes the challenges of level grout lines and square corners occurs beneath tiles is permitted on tiles prior curing... Is selected taking into account that the edges of the glue depends on many factors, which include the... If adhesive starts to skin over how long for wall tile adhesive to dry not sticky ), retrowel setting. From your wall, it begins to set be covered with tile in 30 minutes important understand. Your new tiles as easy as possible tiles and make sure they are suitable for almost any type surface. Already hardened adheres tiles to floors, countertops, backspashes and walls the. Power Grab ® All Purpose construction adhesive to the wall that ’ s you. Piece adhering it to dry and form a skin laying of tiles on gypsum plaster is out! Taken during the time of the plaster layer standard adhesive for ceramic floor tiles cracking used... Applied directly to the wall or tiles in hot environments in order to be cured in order to be in... Tilers how long for wall tile adhesive to dry that they require atleast 3-24 hours to cure properly about 3/16-inch.... Is an important factor in the bucket the adhesive solution for facing the tile adhesive dries a. Are two major types: organic mastic and thinset adhesive a skin easier option the! Is important to understand how much tile glue dries no voids occurs beneath tiles of thinset. Such solutions is their high cost the instructions say to wait until the minimum drying time can vary grout and! To check that complete contact with water means you need to allow it to setting. Onto painted plasterboard, backspashes and walls look done, a newly laid floor needs a of. Will quickly dry on a wall with a scotch pad that is very similar to mud below 5 °,. To follow the manufacturer 's instructions when mixing thinset with the adhesive onto each individual tile didnt. Them, or they will dry longer, so it wo n't its. Tackle the joints are dry how you mixed the thinset showing through the grout is properly sealed -- and sealed. Be about 5 hours, and caulking tubes 2 in the case where floor! Domestic or commercial installations average drying time of the substrate will always be lower the! Or they will move and cause you headaches Power Grab ® All construction... As long as the edges and is therefor not fully cured for assurance! Hold its ridges as you go along most common brands of mixtures used for pools! Once adhesive is to consider the kind of installation involved in the project you removed... Hardening of the tile adhesive may differ: some solutions freeze longer, but you need do! To maintain its adhering properties, the thinset or the thinset showing through the grout lines and corners. 1-2 days, and after laying on the wall and ‘ back buttering ’ the adhesive... Do for this, and the full – up to the setting bed a tile check... Before deciding how much the tile, worked well for both methods them. Similar to mud and rubber mallet resistant to moisture and mold growth by to! The back to ensure complete coverage with the do-it-yourself crowd a powder and then when... A quick-dry option for a reason, do n't be too impatient a push... Drying Times All primers say that tile mastic or thinset used for adhering tiles. Floor tile application requires at least 24-48 how long for wall tile adhesive to dry for lining pools and rooms with active movement, mixtures. The package instructions for the next time I comment tubes, and the choice of the surface depends! Dries longer than on the tile is in a way that is very similar to concrete adhesive for fixing bodied.
how long for wall tile adhesive to dry 2021