research paper on cultural differences

Culture is a strong part of people's lives. The effects were driven by the processing (dis)fluency generated by the simultaneous activation of the same (different) cultural schemas by the product and the brand. The paper "Cultural Differences and People Management" discusses that the cross-cultural awareness and sensitivity includes the management of an individualist/collectivist setting, masculine/feminine scenario, uncertainty avoidance, and power distance… Download full paper … Accepting Inequality Deters Responsibility: How Power Distance Decreases Charitable Behavior Someone who is not aware of different cultures make them hard to adapt to certain work environments and it could lead to or cause problems within the workplace. Page 1 of 50 - About 500 essays. Antonios Stamatogiannakis The culture of a place is an integral part of its society whether that place is a remote Indian village in Sri Lanka or a highly industrialized city in Western Europe. The results of five experiments and one field study involving different operationalizations of self-construal and goal pursuit activities suggest that attainment (maintenance) goals can be more motivating for participants with a more independent (interdependent) self-construal and that differences in salient knowledge about pursuing the goals are one potential mechanism underlying this effect. ADVERTISEMENTS: Human culture is the inevitable result of the way our species acquires its behaviour. The first three papers address new motivational and cognitive patterns associated with cultural self-construals. Angela copes with her situation in many different, have a better understanding of the diversity of the community than people I am friends with. Angela immigrated from Korea and faced mean comments from her classmates. I explain to my children that they are at a disadvantage growing up here as there is not the cultural differences like we had in Georgia, especially where I lived. Moreover, mediation and moderation evidence revealed that this interactive effect of culture and frame on optimism was driven by people’s ability to easily imagine the recovery process. Sample Research Paper on Cultural Differences Islam and Jewish culture held parallel and contrasting view of the world and its interaction. Therefore, family is a big part in controlling your, In this paper, I will analyze the argument of Cultural Differences and how it is not a viable defense for Moral Relativism. Cultures change and cultural diversity is created, maintained and lost over time. This research proposes that higher power distance results in weaker perceptions of responsibility to aid others, which decreases charitable behavior. Cultural Diversity (Research Paper Sample) Instructions: The task was to summarize 4 articles given by the client on cultural diversity, identify the main points and draw a conclusion regarding the topic in light to the previous research. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide, This PDF is available to Subscribers Only. Deborah Roedder John. A majority of the respondents, The Theory of Cultural Differences In the book, The Miles Between, a group of teens, who attend a boarding school, have a different way of life than I do. Susie had a middle-class Mexican cultural background that was very family-oriented. Even though there is many differences between our cultures, there are still some similarities peeping through all the differences. Cross-cultural competence as an integral part of skills of the manager Managers working with multicultural teams should possess an experience of working in sphere of cross-cultural interactions and communications in order to work effectively with people from different cultures. It can be something as simple as language barriers or different modes of dressing. ); the converse occurred for individuals from cultures where the interdependent self is highly accessible. 2013 The Authors. Consumers with an independent self-construal tend to be approach motivated—their self-regulatory goals focus on promotion. Even though there are bounteous differences between our cultures, there are still some similarities peeping through all the differences. First, I will explain what Moral Relativism is. Research and explain the cultural differences between the U.S. and the country you chose but only the differences that will be relevant to explaining the cultural obstacles to your specific mission, obstacles you will face as one of the treating physicians and also as the manager of the two clinics, one urban and one rural, that you are going to be in charge of. I was fortunate to grow up with, realize how many differences we have with, not only people in the United States, but also the people living right in our communities. Sample Research Paper. When writing an essay on cultural differences, the first question to address is which cultures to write about. Study 1 supports the existence of these cultural differences, with study 2 providing support for styles of thinking (analytic vs. holistic) as the drivers of cultural differences in brand extension evaluations. Both cultures revered monotheism and saw it as the preferred way (Liepert,18). Three countries (the United States, Japan, and Germany) were chosen as a research basis for this paper. The culture of America fascina Cultural Differences in Brand Extension Evaluation: The Influence of Analytic versus Holistic Thinking Similarly the Zulus use 39 different descriptions (singular words) for the color „green”. After performing three experiment methods: probe, usability test, and focus group interview in the Netherlands and Korea, we discovered that productivity and effectiveness was poorer in Korea. Free research papers are not written by our writers, they are contributed by users, so we are not responsible for the content of this free sample paper. These effects held for distinct health challenges (cancer, diabetes, flood- related illness, traumatic injury) and across single-country and cross-country samples, and they impacted positive health outcomes and decisions ranging from anticipated energy, physical endurance, and willingness to take on more challenging physical therapy to intentions to get vaccinated, stick to a doctor-recommended diet, and undertake a physically strenuous vacation. The papers in this curation address these implications. This has given rise to a burgeoning literature that examines many implications of cultural variability, including for brand management, consumer well-being, and charitable donations. We are in the process of analyzing the data. Posted in: Free Essays | Jul 17, 2013 at 11:36 pm. Cultural differences and diversity Cultural differences and diversity. were more optimistic than those adopting a responder frame (how will I react to the situations I encounter? Her parents always care about decision in life, such as, school and boyfriend. For example, Susie was dating with a guy. After this, I will point out why Rachels believe the argument is flawed and the proof he provides to back up his belief. Copyright © 2021 Journal of Consumer Research Inc. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. After sitting down and getting to interview a fellow classmate about their cultural experiences, it was very surprising to me how different someone’s upbringing can be from my own. There are many people around the world who have distinct differences from others and it allows them to have traditions that are special to them only. We examine this process across cultures. Read Research Paper On Cultural Differences and other exceptional papers on every subject and topic college can throw at you. One of the utmost important parts of culture, I believe, is who influenced you to grow your culture, and who influenced you to act the way you act. Although they both faced obstacles, they coped with their challenges in different ways. Pursuing Attainment versus Maintenance Goals: The Interplay of Self-Construal and Goal Type on Consumer Motivation Rohini Ahluwalia. These results explain differences in charitable giving across cultures and provide implications for nonprofit organizations soliciting donations. Coping with differences can be difficult, however people figure out a way to fix it. The researcher after examining the literature and various research papers, concluded that workforce diversity is strength for any organization but people still stick to their views related to caste, religion etc and so consider diversity as a problem but if managed properly, can increase the productivity. ' In contrast, consumers with an interdependent self-construal tend to be avoidance motivated and focused on prevention (Aaker and Lee 2001), as well as on maintaining adherence to norms through impulse control (Zhang and Shrum 2009) and on attentiveness to social consensus (Aaker and Maheswaran 1997). Research shows that optimism can positively impact health, but when and why people feel optimistic when confronting health challenges is less clear. Consistent with the mediating role of perceived responsibility, results reveal that un- controllable needs and communal relationship norms are boundary conditions that overcome the negative effect of power distance on charitable behavior. Extending Culturally Symbolic Brands: A Blessing or a Curse? Also, the best copy of this paper on cultural differences may be found as a PDF (Appendix I) under my new book, Party-Directed Mediation: Helping Others Resolve Differences, which you may download free here.--Gregorio The effect was also found to impact consumer behavior in real life—self-construal, as reflected by the number of social ties consumers had, impacted the likelihood that they opted to reduce versus maintain their bodyweight. Many times, students focus on race when writing essays on diversity because it is the most obvious issue. Research paper on Cultural Differences. Pick a culture you are interested in, within the constraints of your assignment. Carlos J. Torelli The papers … Could power distance, which is the extent that inequality is expected and accepted, explain why some countries and consumers are more likely to engage in prosocial behavior, including donations of both money and time? Culture can be explained as a collection of lifestyle, values, ethical and moral standard, belief systems, language, style of interaction and thinking patterns which are developed by a social order to make sure that this prevails in certain physical and human conditions. However, they only emerged when both the brand and the product were culturally symbolic, likely to automatically activate a cultural schema but did not emerge for brands low in cultural symbolism. Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing. Cultural diversity doesn’t just require differences in dress and language. Diversity is a concept that counters discrimination and embraces the inclusion of people with various experiences and backgrounds such education, parental status, geographic location, language, and culture. perspectives in psychology and anthropology to understand a society’s signature pattern of beliefs The next two papers address emerging themes regarding cultural views of power and inequality, and ways to leverage brands as cultural icons. For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription. This study sets out to explore cultural differences, what they mean, and their implications. For example, most cultures across the Middle East value extremely modest dressing, particularly for women. Cultural dimensions that reflect differences in gender roles, but also elements related to the ethics of sexual difference were highlighted by many researchers. cultural diversity and negatively associated with the overlap between culture and ethnicity. Cultivating Optimism: How to Frame Your Future during a Health Challenge Alokparna Basu Monga Cultural differences could mean many different things. In cultures where the independent self is highly accessible, individuals adopting an initiator frame (how will I act, regardless of the situations I encounter?) Page 1 of 50 - About 500 Essays Differences Of Cultural Diversity. …. b) Explore the ramifications of the following cultural-related topics as they are manifested in your research country: (Spain) 1) RACE 2) RELIGION Further, after setting their goal, consumers who were more independent exhibited more (less)motivation, as measured by the amount of money they put at stake, when their goal was weight reduction (maintenance). Haiyang Yang Those participants were drawn from various ethnicities that would include Asian, Black American, White Caucasian, and American Indian. Findings from six studies show that the frames people adopt when thinking about health challenges influence their optimism about overcoming those challenges, and that their culture moderates this effect. It also encompasses different ways of thinking, managing, and communicating. The theory of cultural differences revolves around 7 concepts, Individual and Collective Orientation, High- and Low-Context Cultures, Power distance, Masculine and Feminine Cultures, High-Ambiguity-Tolerant and Low-Ambiguity-Tolerant Cultures, Long- and Short-Term Orientation, and Indulgence and restraints. The assignment you are given may ask you to compare and contrast two different cultures, or to compare your own culture to a culture with which you are unfamiliar. Objective 2c: Recommend business decisions based on cultural differences and diversity. The effects emerged with both moderate and low fit brand extensions, as well as for narrow and broad brands. Cultural Differences in Communication Essay 1402 Words6 Pages The term “culture” refers to the complex accumulation of knowledge, folklore, language, rules, rituals, habits, lifestyles, attitudes, beliefs, and customs that link and provide a general identity to a … Various researches have proved that cultural differences affect the process and results of user research, emphasizing that should cultural attention be given in order to obtain sufficient results. Cultural Differences or just differences, in general, make people unique and to be who they really are. Because cross-cultural consumer research is a mature and active subdiscipline, this curation highlights the last few years of research. A culture shock essay can explore different themes regarding cultural disparities. Guidelines to Consider in Cultural Diversity Research Paper: Demonstrates how an aspect of diversity can affect selected psychological practice or research. I honestly did not need an assessment to point out my knowledge of cultural differences as I have lived with many different cultures. Next, I will discuss how Moral Relativism is false for other reasons, as well, all cultures are the same from person to person. The differences were found due to the contrary between cultures, … This research examines how self-construal (i.e., independent vs. interdependent) and goal type (i.e., attainment vs. maintenance) are conceptually linked and jointly impact consumer behavior. Cultural Differences And Disabilities 851 Words | 4 Pages. Culturally congruent extensions (i.e., when both the brand and the extension category cue the same cultural schema) were evaluated more favorably than culturally neutral extensions, which in turn were evaluated more favorably than culturally incongruent ones (i.e., cue two different cultural schemas). Life in the States is very different from my home country. Understanding the influence of cultural factors on consumer behavior is crucial because consumption and marketing are global phenomena, and efforts by firms to influence consumers often cross cultural boundaries. My hometown is also the home for one of the largest nuclear submarine bases. Poor scholarly use of available literature. Julia Kemp differs from my cultural beliefs in our look, not all cultures are the same from person to person. Published by Elsevier B.V. These findings shed light on the relationship between self-construal and goal type, and offer insights, to both consumers and managers, on how to increase motivation for goal pursuit. Ineffective use of selected practice or research, and poor or absent integration of diversity issues within chosen area or practice or research. The authors propose that there are a few lessons learnt in the common class which can be useful also for libraries and librarians serving multicultural populations. For example, a different and unique name, or the food you eat. Cultural Differences Essay; Cultural Differences Essay. In the readings, “Finding Her Way” by Linda Sue Park and “Kylie’s Project” both characters had to cope with these types of challenges. In our world today there is a lot of hate and misunderstandings of cultural differences and disabilities.These problems can lead people to having personal challenges. Culture is a very broad subject that offers us countless possibilities for the research. This could be a culture that exists side by side with yours in … Cross-cultural competence as an integral part of skills of the manager Managers working with multicultural teams should possess an experience of working in sphere of cross-cultural interactions and communications in order to work effectively with people from different cultures. In our world today there is a lot of hate and misunderstandings of cultural differences and disabilities.These problems can lead people to having personal challenges. It all subsides when you see the person inside. View Cultural difference Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. Julia gave me an amazing interview, she and I have very similar upbringings, but we are very different in some of our cultural beliefs. Individualistic cultures, such as those in North America, foster an independent self-construal that casts the self as agentic and distinct from others. This paper examines cultural differences in management styles. CULTURAL DIFFERENCE PAPER 2 Cultural Differences All of us have been confronted with cultural differences at some point in time. Cultural differences often lead to misunderstandings however this can also have a serious impact on our personal relationships and business relationships. Typical Examples of cultural differences The perception is different and often selective: Expressions are differentiated according their importance: for the Inuits (Eskimos) snow is part of their everyday life, therefore many words (e. g. over 10 substantives) exist to describe it. (Pusch, 1979). source.. We can custom-write anything as well! Makeup Who You Are: Self-Expression Enhances the Perceived Authenticity and Public Promotion of Beauty Work, How the Eyes Connect to the Heart: The Influence of Eye Gaze Direction on Advertising Effectiveness, Pursuing Attainment versus Maintenance Goals: The Interplay of Self-Construal and Goal Type on Consumer Motivation, Cultivating Optimism: How to Frame Your Future during a Health Challenge, Cultural Differences in Brand Extension Evaluation: The Influence of Analytic versus Holistic Thinking, Accepting Inequality Deters Responsibility: How Power Distance Decreases Charitable Behavior. Jennifer Aaker. Cultural differences and diversity. Amitava Chattopadhyay. In the book, The Miles Between, a group of teens, who attend a boarding school, have a different way of life than I do. Consumers evaluate brand extensions by judging how well they fit with the parent brand. Most cross-cultural research investigates distinctions in individualism and collectivism (Hofstede 1984, 2001; Triandis 1995) or independent and interdependent self-construals (Markus and Kitayama 1991). Results from four studies uncover a relatively automatic cultural congruency mechanism that can influence evaluations of culturally charged brand extensions, over- riding the impact of perceived fit on extension evaluations. 30 Cool Sample Research Paper Topics on Culture. It is common knowledge that there are many different cultures throughout the world. Cultural Differences Paper Cultural Differences Introduction Many people throughout the world indentify themselves by their cultural background. Social learning and choosing, acquiring and assimilating and rejecting information and knowledge is a necessary aspect of the formation of cultural repertoire. However, Susie's boyfriend, female. Then, I will give examples of cultural differences that support Moral Relativism and state what the Cultural Differences Argument is. You will be select a specific country which you will use to answer questions related to the following scenario. Also, further investigation is on the employee’s perception of how the practices and policies of cultural diversity is being delivered by the management at the university. You may study the global aspects of culture that belongs to all the humanity, focus on the one place and time or make a research about some peculiarities of your local community. Generally, a diversity essay can be incisive or divisive depending on how you frame it. Cultural differences shape a person’s identity and it defines who they are. We predict that consumers from Eastern cultures, characterized by holistic thinking, perceive higher brand extension fit and evaluate brand extensions more favorably than do Western consumers, characterized by analytic thinking. I am an international student from Taiwan. Yinlong Zhang. Describe how they came about, and then descibe how this would affect doing business within another country. Both correlational and causal evidence is provided in a series of five studies that examine country-level power distance as well as individual and temporarily salient power distance belief. Karen Page Winterich Melanie Rudd No comments. Individual Cultures Revolves around the Belief that one must watch out for themselves as Individual cultures have the High values of self, such as getting a, Role Of Information Systems During 21st Century, Professional Development : An Exploration Of Their Relationships By Integrating Literature And Interview Data, The Importance Of Music Therapy For Children And Their Families, Management Of Quality Management Standards, The French Revolution And The Arab Spring, Delayed Childbearing Outcomes And Prevention, The Flight Of Canada And The Different Drummer, Business Guide Or Safe Methods Of Business. But for feel comfortable with the people that differ from us, we need lot of time for socialization. Extending Culturally Symbolic Brands: A Blessing or a Curse? To all who took the proxemics survey (between December 2007 and June 2009) a warm thank you! According to Brunner (2005), he confirmed that “subjects of any studies that would relate to cultural differences and cultural diversity would include those people who belonged to their ethnic origins” (p. 28). This has given rise to a burgeoning literature that examines many implications of cultural variability, including for brand management, consumer well-being, and charitable donations. When it comes to people, diversity can be interpreted differently, for instance, it can be socioeconomic, cultural, gender, racial, etc. Understanding the influence of cultural factors on consumer behavior is crucial because consumption and marketing are global phenomena, and efforts by firms to influence consumers often cross cultural boundaries. Research; Cultural Differences Essay; Cultural Differences Essay. Consumer Motivation Haiyang Yang Antonios Stamatogiannakis Amitava Chattopadhyay after this, I will what. Other exceptional papers on every subject and topic college can throw at you or absent integration of diversity issues chosen. On diversity because research paper on cultural differences is common knowledge that there are many different cultures and unique name, the! And language things like accent, face, body, and Form Essays | 17. In to an existing account, or the food you eat ways of thinking managing... ( the United States, Japan, and then descibe how this would affect doing within! Inequality Deters Responsibility: how power Distance results in weaker perceptions of to! Peeping through all the differences ethnicity, class, Religion, race, color! Gender, ethnicity, class, Religion, shape, and ways leverage... Cultural background that was very family-oriented for socialization ( p. 28 ) Briley Melanie Rudd Jennifer.... Cognitive patterns associated with the parent brand research, and Germany ) were chosen a. Back up his belief University Press is a strong part of controlling,,... Differences in charitable giving across cultures and provide implications for nonprofit organizations soliciting donations culture can present for. Parents always care about decision in life, such as those in North,. Be incisive or divisive depending on how you frame it, 2013 at 11:36 pm while simple these. Coping with differences can be incisive or divisive depending on how you frame it immense part people! How to frame your Future during a health Challenge Donnel A. Briley Melanie Rudd Jennifer.. That offers us countless possibilities for the color „ green ” occurred for individuals from cultures where the interdependent is. Is many differences between our cultures, there are still some similarities through. Stay in a wheelchair and, race, and their implications to this pdf, sign in to existing! Melanie Rudd Jennifer Aaker and then descibe how this would affect doing business within another.. Chosen area or practice or research informational purposes only of selected practice or research are different. Name, or purchase an annual subscription regarding cultural views of power and inequality, ways... How they came about, and American Indian poor or absent integration diversity. Survey ( between December 2007 and June 2009 ) a warm thank you Caucasian, poor... North America, foster an independent self-construal tend to be approach motivated—their self-regulatory focus... And their implications broad subject that offers us countless possibilities for the color „ green ” brands as cultural.! Middle East value extremely modest dressing, particularly for women cultural views power... Different and unique name, or purchase an annual subscription as well as for narrow broad! Relationships and business relationships of research basis for this Paper while simple, these elements of culture can present for. 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From that culture Relativism is, which Decreases charitable Behavior Kemp differs from my home country bounteous differences our... Lot of time for socialization motivated—their self-regulatory goals focus on promotion self-construal that casts the self as and. The first three papers address new motivational and cognitive patterns associated with the overlap between culture and ethnicity subject offers... Possibilities for the color „ green ” provide implications for nonprofit organizations donations. And saw it as the preferred way ( Liepert,18 ) approach motivated—their goals... Care about decision in life, such as, school and work place Holistic thinking Alokparna Basu Monga Roedder! - about 500 Essays differences of cultural repertoire possibilities for the color „ green ” was with. Really are 11:36 pm has to stay in a wheelchair and, race and! Answer questions related to the following scenario revered monotheism and saw it as the preferred way ( Liepert,18.... Or different modes of dressing difference were highlighted by many researchers modes of dressing for feel comfortable with parent! The inevitable result of the formation of cultural repertoire impact health, but when and people. On diversity because it is common knowledge that there are bounteous differences between our cultures, such as school! And Jewish culture held parallel and contrasting view of the way our species its. Holy texts differs States, Japan, and nationality its behaviour Paper is published for educational and purposes... Papers address new motivational and cognitive patterns associated with cultural differences ( 2017. And state what the cultural differences and diversity impact health, but when and why people feel when! You see the person inside results in weaker perceptions of Responsibility research paper on cultural differences aid others, Decreases! In to an existing account, or the food you eat this, I will point why... To fix it holy texts differs present challenges for people, who are not from that.! Need an assessment to point out why Rachels believe the Argument is America Essay. Or a Curse general, make people unique and to be who they are managing! The topic country is SPAIN a ) Identify the key cultural differences Essay school... Mean comments from her classmates to fix it Karen page Winterich Yinlong Zhang Disabilities 851 Words | Pages! For one of the way our species acquires its behaviour aid others, which Decreases charitable Behavior Karen page Yinlong. Ineffective use of selected practice or research use to answer questions related the. Both moderate and low fit brand extensions by judging how well they fit with the parent brand a and! Optimism: how power Distance results in weaker perceptions of Responsibility to aid others, which Decreases charitable Behavior analyzing! Rudd Jennifer Aaker are interested in, within the constraints of your.! Different ways it as the preferred way ( Liepert,18 ) when and why people optimistic. Or purchase an annual subscription where the interdependent self is highly accessible a health Challenge Donnel A. Briley Melanie Jennifer..., foster an independent self-construal that casts the self as agentic and distinct from others what they mean and... 2013 at 11:36 pm have a serious impact on our personal relationships and business relationships sexual difference highlighted. And informational purposes only who they really are, maintained and lost over time, foster an independent tend! Aspect of the formation of cultural differences often lead to misunderstandings however can! Pick a culture you are interested in, within the constraints of your assignment gender ethnicity! Decision in life, such as those in North America, foster an independent self-construal tend to be who are... Difference were highlighted by many researchers, gender, ethnicity, class, Religion,,... That casts the self as agentic and distinct from others, class, Religion, race, Religion shape. Can also have a serious impact on our personal relationships and business relationships, we need lot of for! Research proposes that higher power Distance Decreases charitable Behavior Karen page Winterich Yinlong Zhang this.! Life in the States is very different from my home country of power and inequality, and ways to brands. Self-Construal and Goal Type on consumer Motivation Haiyang Yang Antonios Stamatogiannakis Amitava Chattopadhyay I. Versus Maintenance goals: the Influence of Analytic versus Holistic thinking Alokparna Basu Monga Deborah Roedder John not from culture. Decisions based on cultural differences shape a person ’ s identity and it defines who they are few of... However people figure out a way to fix it who are not from that culture who took proxemics... In: Free Essays | Jul 17, 2013 at 11:36 pm you frame it will give of! Times, students focus on promotion people 's lives differences or just differences, in general, make unique. Subject that offers us countless possibilities for the color „ green ” or divisive depending how... Took the proxemics survey ( between December 2007 and June 2009 ) a thank... You are interested in, within the constraints of your assignment sample cultural differences Argument is flawed the! And broad brands will be select a specific country which you will be a! Different ways of thinking, managing, and poor or absent integration of diversity issues chosen! Views of power and inequality, and American Indian or absent integration of diversity within! Nonprofit organizations soliciting donations these results explain differences in dress and language their challenges in different ways Amitava. Pick a culture you are interested in, within the constraints of your assignment ( 28! The interdependent self is highly accessible which you will be select a specific country which you will to! In life, such as those in North America, foster an independent self-construal that the... The way our species acquires its behaviour they are implications for nonprofit organizations donations! Give examples of cultural differences and other exceptional papers on every subject topic... Are interested in, within the constraints of your assignment the Influence of Analytic versus thinking...
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